The conflicted legacy of bernard lewis foreign affairs. Mostly it consists of stale generalisations and a selective, even disingenuous, use of evidence. In september 1990, an article appeared in the atlantic entitled the roots of muslim rage. By 1990, in his essay the roots of muslim rage, he coined the phrase clash of civilisations, later popularised by samuel huntington. This carnegie council event took place on may 6, 2010. Muslim rage why they wont calm down middle east and. Professor bernard lewis, who has died aged 101, was the foremost western historian of islam in the postwar era, an achievement all the more impressive in that, as. As a scholar, he made his name through research in the ottoman archives and through developing academic expertise in turkish, persian. Bernard lewis the roots of muslim rage by universalgeni. For more than 60 years, he has specialized in the history of islam, particularly in the middle east, and the relationship between islam and the west, a relationship that has become arguably the single.
Bernard lewis in his study holding a french newspaper with a picture of saddam hussein. In 1990 the wellestablished britishamerican orientalist2 bernard lewis3, published an article in the atlantic with the ominous title the roots of muslim rage. We are delighted to have professor bernard lewis with us today. Following the terrorist attacks of september 2001, professor lewiss works attracted intense interest from a wider public seeking to understand the. While lewis wrote general studies of arab history, as well as articles and books on muslimjewish relations, questions of color, race and slavery in the islamic world and the history of the ismailis, especially the deeds of the assassins, as an increasingly influential historian by the 1950s, he could hardly ignore the pressing issues of the day. I am still travelling but i wrote this on my notepad, and decided to publish it on the blog. Bernard lewis examines the historical roots of the resentments that dominate the islamic world today and that are increasingly being expressed in acts of terrorism.
The editors complemented the rhetoric of the essay by putting on the cover a painting of a hugely turbaned and scowling muslim, his eyes starred and striped with passion. The roots of muslim rage, for atlantic monthly, he wrote of a clash of. It was bernard lewis who launched the hoax of the clash of civilizationsin a september 1990 atlantic monthly article on the roots of muslim rage, which appeared three years before brzezinski clone samuel huntingtons publication of his foreign affairs diatribe, the clash of civilizations. He was also known as a public intellectual and political commentator. The neh jefferson lecture is described by its organizers as the. Bernard lewis 19162018, who wrote and edited more than two dozen books and hundreds of articles, was regarded as a leading expert on interactions between christendom and islam, recently died aged 101. From netanyahu to leftists, praise and scorn for late. Islam has brought comfort and peace of mind to countless millions of men and women. His writing and publications are prolific, easily filling numerous shelves at most university libraries. Why so many muslims deeply resent the west, and why their bitterness will not easily be mollified. In his infamous essay the roots of muslim rage, which spawned the hitlerian science of the clash of civilizations actually, it has an entire section devoted to it, vulgar propagandist bernard lewis. Bernard lewis, historian of the middle east, passed away on may 19, just shy of his 102nd birthday. Bernard lewis, fba 31 may 1916 19 may 2018 was a british american historian specializing in oriental studies.
He was, for a certainty, the foremost orientalist of islam. Professor bernard lewis, historian of islam obituary. The roots of muslim rage why so many muslims deeply resent the west, and why their bitterness will not easily be mollified by bernard lewis in one of his letters thomas jefferson remarked that in matters of religion the maxim of civil government should be reversed and we should rather say, divided we stand, united, we fall. What i personally find of interest in this brilliant article is the way that the author clearly proposes that the muslim conflict that is going on is something that the west has no influence over. In 1990, lewis wrote the essay the roots of muslim rage for the atlantic, using the term clash of civilizations a conceptual framework that become popular and controversial for viewing. The roots of muslim rage essay by bernard lewis various online speeches a meaningful world by benjamin wiker and jonathan witt gifted hands by ben carson and cecil murphey ourselves by charlotte mason brave new world by aldous huxley essays none specified poems of wislawa szymborska science matters by robert m. His insights on the muslim religion and terrorism alone are worth the price of the book. Face to face with bernard lewis the islamic monthly. Let me be explicit about what i, as a historian of islam who is not a muslim, mean by that. In brief, lewis pits 1 a monolithic, monochromatic islam against 2 a west whose definition and parameters he changes at will. Bernard lewis the roots of muslim rage 1990 pdf close.
Bernard lewis, influential scholar of islam, is dead at. From netanyahu to leftists, praise and scorn for late middle east scholar bernard lewis. He revived his earlier phrase clash of civilizations in an article, the roots of muslim rage, in 1990. He cited the obligation of holy war, dating from the faiths turbulent birth and shaped by centuries of setbacks ranging from the retreat from europe. Sadly, the essay by bernard lewis is not particularly distinguished. Regardless of ones opinion of his views, there can be little doubt over his impact on the academic study of the middle east, as well as popular. Bernard lewis, educated at wilson college, the poly.
Islam and establish european imperial domination in old islamic territories. Bernard lewis 31 may 1916 a britishamerican historian, scholar in oriental studies, and political commentator. Further reproduction prohibited without permission. No other person in our time has done as much to inform and influence the wests view of the islamic world and the middle east. Reform, modernization, nationalism, islamism, terrorall these were strategies to restore to the muslims some semblance of the power they had wielded for over a millennium, and which they lost in just a few. Muslim discovery of europe1982, the political language of islam 1988, and the shaping of the modern middle east 1994. In this remark jefferson was setting forth with classic terseness an idea that has come to be regarded as essentially. In the roots of muslim rage, an essay published in 1990, the historian bernard lewis describes a surge of hatred rising from the islamic world that becomes a rejection of western. Lewis expertise was in the history of islam and the interaction between islam and the west. Among all nations surveyed, only kenya, nigeria, and the united states had majorities who believed that the united states sets a good example by abiding by international law. The roots of muslim rage, he used the phrase clash of civilizations to describe what he saw.
In a hallmark essay in 1990 called the roots of muslim rage, bernard lewis, an angloamerican commentator on islam, blamed a mentality twisted by history. Through these brief pages, bernard lewis traces the history of islam and some of its important. Bernard lewis was born may 31, 1916, at the height of world war i, whose. Europe and islam bernard lewis the tanner lectures on human values delivered at brasenose college, oxford university february 26, march 5 and 12, 1990. Bernard lewis, historian of the middle east, 19162018. Professor lewis is one of the most influential scholars of islam of our time. Can someone provide me a summary of an article called the. The atlantic online september 1990 the roots of muslim rage bernard lewis page 2 12262009 4. He specializes in the history of islam and the interaction between islam and the west, and is especially famous in academic circles for his works on the history of the ottoman empire. Dodge professor emeritus of near eastern studies at princeton university. Bernard lewis explains why there has historically been no difference between the mosque and the state in muslim regions. The warped world of bernard lewis they cant tell time and they dont like music more. Muslim brotherhood and its offshoots languished in ineffectual opposition. The clash of civilisations takes the islamic tradition to be inherently violent.
In saudi arabia, a young man named osama bin laden. Bernard lewis the roots of muslim rage 1990 pdf pages. Recalling bernard lewis 1990 essay nowadays, there seems to be no shortage of selfprofessed and often selfaggrandizing experts on the middle east, islam, andor westernislamic relations. Muslim arms, bringing the word of god to all mankind and im.
It has given dignity and meaning to drab and impoverished lives. The mainstream media often cites bernard lewis as the doyen of middle east studies. Princeton professor bernard lewis is a master historian and an authority on the middle east, particularly islam. Israeli pm applauds lewis as one of the great scholars of islam and the middle east, while critics blame him for helping upend the region. The roots of muslim rage lewis, bernard the atlantic. The 1990 jefferson lecture, nineteenth in the distinguished series sponsored by the national endowment for the humanities, was given by bernard lewis, cleveland e. Nonmuslim nations that were very critical of the united states included. The atlantic online september 1990 the roots of muslim. Roots of muslim rage part 1 it should by now be clear that we are facing a mood and a movement far transcending the level of issues and policies and the governments that pursue them. Written by the leading scholar and influential academic, bernard lewis, in relatively close proximity to the rushdie fatwa affair, the article was an eloquent if too concessionary attempt to decipher the nature of islamic grievance towards the west. Bernard lewis describes the ongoing conflicts with fundamentalist islam was a clash of civilizations.178 1495 192 1094 296 682 661 1229 105 66 1291 1346 99 700 1450 1066 1259 1121 304 1365 852 1272 885 290 112 166 746 610 409 1260 1448 821 1357 502 881